Tyrannosaurus, meaning “tyrant lizard,” was a genus of theropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous Period (68 to 65 million years ago). It was among the last non-avian dinosaurs to exist prior...

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Animal Kingdom

Eastern Dwarf Tree Frog Litoria fallax


The Eastern Dwarf Tree Frog (Litoria fallax) is a small and very common tree frog located on the eastern coast of Australia, from around Cairns, Queensland, to around Ulladulla, New South Wales. Individuals of this species are often found somewhere else, having been accidentally relocated by transported fruit boxes. Confirmed sightings of breeding pairs have […]

Kauai Cave Wolf Spider

Animal Conservation

Scientific name: Adelocosa anops Common Names: Kauai Cave Wolf Spider, Big-Eyed Wolf Spider Status: Listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List in 1996 Geography: United States, Hawaii Conservation Information: This particular species is only known to occur in a few caves in a lava flow within an area consisting of 4.1 square miles in […]

Echidna Tachyglossidae

Animal Families

Tachyglossidae is a family that holds eight species of echidnas, also known as spiny anteaters, four of which are known only from fossils. The remaining four species, which include the platypus, can only be found in New Guinea and Australia. They prefer to reside in wooded areas and can be found under piles of vegetation, […]

Eastern Mouse Spider Missulena bradleyi


The Eastern Mouse Spider (Missulena bradleyi) is a species of spider belonging to the Actinopodidae family. The spider is native to the east coast of Australia. The common name of the mouse spider comes from the mistaken belief that this spider excavates a deep mouse-like burrow. The females are black overall and are larger in […]

Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicilliata


The Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicilliata) is a sea duck of large size, which breeds in Canada and Alaska. It’s placed in the subgenus Melanitta, along with the Velvet and White-winged Scoters, distinct from the subgenus Oidemia, Black and Common Scoters. It winters further south in temperate zones, on the coasts of the northern United States. […]

Compass Jellyfish


The Compass Jellyfish, (Chrysaora hysoscella), is a fairly common species of jellyfish that is found in the coastal waters around the United Kingdom and Turkey. It has a diameter of up to 12 inches. It has 24 tentacles arranged in eight groups of three. It is typically colored yellowish white, with some brown.

Red Swamp Crayfish


The Red Swamp Crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, also commonly known as the Red Swamp Crawfish, Louisiana Crawfish or Louisiana Crayfish, is a freshwater crayfish species. Charles Frédéric Girard named the genus in honor of John H. Clark, who in 1851 surveyed the U.S. American border. Although native to the southeastern United States, it is also found […]



Daspletosaurus, meaning “frightful lizard” is a genus of tyrannosaurid theropod dinosaur that resided in western North America between 77 and 74 million years ago, during the Late Cretaceous Period. Fossils of the only named species were found in Alberta, although other possible species from Alberta and Montana wait for description. Daspletosaurus is closely related to […]


Domestic Cat Breeds

The Bengal is a hybrid breed of cat bred to have the markings of a wildcat but the temperament of a housecat. The Bengal is reminiscent of and named after the Asian Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis); the Bengal Tiger species is completely unrelated. It is a medium sized cat weighing around 8-10 lb for females […]


Domestic Cattle Breeds

The Abondance is a breed of cattle originating in the high valleys of Haute-Savoie, France. It was bred by monks during the 1100s, originally called the chablaisienne. There are around 150,000 head currently in France. The cattle have also been exported to North America, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Iraq and Africa. It is a medium-sized […]

Pekin Chicken

Domestic Chicken Breeds

The Pekin chicken is a breed of domestic true bantam chicken that originated in China. It is thought that the earliest Pekin chickens were taken from the Emperor of China in Peking in about 1860, at the end of the Second Opium War, but some say that members of this breed were sent to Queen […]

Thai Ridgeback

Domestic Dog Breeds

The Thai ridgeback is a breed of domestic dog of the pariah-type that originated in Thailand. The exact origins of this breed are unknown because it is an ancient breed, but it is thought to have been developed in eastern areas of Thailand. Genetic studies have shown that this breed, along with the Phu Quoc […]

Belgian Horse

Domestic Horse Breeds

The Belgian horse, known by other names including the Belgian Heavy Horse and the Brabançon, is a breed of draft horse that was developed in Belgium, in the Brabant region. It is thought to be a descendant of war horses known as destriers, although this cannot be proven. This breed was developed using a horse […]

Australian Riding Pony

Domestic Pony Breeds

The Australian Riding Pony is a breed of pony in Australia that was introduced in the 1970s. Originally, the Australian Riding Pony had British Riding Pony, Thoroughbred and Arabian bloodlines. British and New Zealand bloodlines are a major contributor in the Australian Riding Ponies of today. Artificial insemination has also played a role allowing more […]

Echinus tylodes


Echinus tylodes is a species of sea urchin belonging to the Echinidae family. It’s white with rather sparse pink colored spines and is native to the eastern coast of North America including the Gulf of Mexico. This species has a sub-globular test that is about two-thirds as high as it is wide and grows to […]

Green Puffer Tetraodon fluviatilis


The Green Puffer (Tetraodon fluviatilis) is a species of pufferfish. It can be found in Asia, specifically in waters in and around Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, India, and the Philippines. Its habitat includes rivers, lakes, and flood plains. It resides in fresh water to slightly brackish water. This species of fish is mostly carnivorous, eating mollusks, […]

Homo floresiensis

Hominin (humans)

Homo floresiensis Homo floresiensis, or Flores Man, nicknamed “hobbit” and “Flow”, is an extinct species in the genus Homo. The remains of an individual that would have stood about 3 feet in height were uncovered in 2003 on the island of Flores in Indonesia. Incomplete skeletons of nine individuals have been recovered, including one complete […]

Stream Bluet Enallagma exsulans


The stream bluet (Enallagma exsulans) is a species of damselfly that can be found in North America. Its range includes four areas of Canada including Nova Scotia and Ontario, three states in Mexico including Hidalgo, and thirty-four states in the United States including Alabama, Indiana, and New York. This species prefers to reside near flowing […]



The Kowari (Dasyuroides byrnei), is also known as the Brush-tailed Marsupial Rat, Byrne’s Crest-tailed Marsupial Rat, Bushy-tailed Marsupial Rat and the Kawiri. It is native to central Australia and prefers dry grassland and desert habitat. Its main region is the stony desert areas of the Lake Eyre drainage basin, in north-eastern South Australia and southwestern […]



A salp is a barrel-shaped, free-floating tunicate (any living organism which has a saclike body enclosed in a thick membrane or tunic with two openings or siphons for the ingress and egress of water). It moves by contracting which pumps water through its body. The salp strains the water with internal feeding filters as it […]

Grove Snail Cepaea nemoralis


The Grove Snail (Cepaea nemoralis) is a species of air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk. It is one of the most common species of land snail within Europe and has been introduced to North America. C. nemoralis is the type species regarding the genus Cepaea. It is used as a model organism in […]

Scarlet Snake Cemophora coccinea


The Scarlet snake (Cemophora coccinea) is a member of the Columbrae family. They are found only in the United States, in: southeastern Texas, eastern Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware. The species typically inhabits oak and pine forests with sandy soil good […]


Container garden


A container garden consists of plants that are grown in pots, boxes, or other containers rather than directly in the ground. Containers can be made of terracotta, wood, plastic, ceramic, or other material that will hold soil and water. There are many forms of containers from the old worn out shoe, tea cups, terracotta pots, […]



A Vortex (plural: vortices) is a spinning, often turbulent, mass of flowing fluid. Any spiral movement with a closed streamline is considered vortex flow. The speed and rate of rotation of a vortex is always greatest at the center, with progressively decreasing speed away from the center. The fluid pressure is lowest in the center […]



Erosion is the process by which rock and soil are taken from the surface of the Earth by exogenetic processes like wind or the flow of water, and then transported and deposited in another location. While erosion is a natural process, human activities have increased by 10 to 40 times the rate at which erosion […]



Taiga, or otherwise known as boreal forest, is a biome that is characterized by coniferous forests made up mostly of spruces, larches, and pines. The taiga is the world’s largest terrestrial biome. In North America, it covers most of inland Canada and Alaska as well as portions of the extreme northern continental United States and […]

Hadean Eon


The Hadean is the unofficial geological period of time that lies just before the Archean time period. The Hadean began with the formation of the Earth roughly 4.5 billion years ago (Ga) and ended about 3.8 Ga; the latter date varies according to different sources. Hadean is derived from Hades, Greek for “underworld,” referring to […]



Aurichalcite is a mineral, usually found as a secondary mineral in copper and zinc deposits. Its chemical formula is (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6. The name probably originates from the Greek oreichalchos meaning “mountain copper”.

Plumas National Forest

National Forests

Plumas National Forest is a 1,146,000-acre United States National Forest located in the Sierra Nevada, in northern California. Roughly 85 percent of Plumas National Forest lies in Plumas County, but smaller portions can be found in eastern Butte, northern Sierra, southern Lassen, and northeastern Yuba counties. The Plumas National Forest Supervisor’s office can be found […]

Lake Clark National Park and Preserve

National Parks

Lake Clark National Park and Preserve is located in the southwestern portion of Alaska in the United States of America. The park holds 4,030,015 acres of land and water that was once inhabited by Native Americans, with the northern Athabaskans till residing there today. The first explore of European ancestry to visit the area was […]

Mount Kerinci


Mount Kerinci, known by many other names including Gunung Kerinci, Berapi Kurinci, and Peak of Indrapura, is an active stratovolcano that is located in Indonesia on the island of Sumatra. It reaches an elevation of 12,484 feet, making it the tallest volcano in Indonesia, and is located within Kerinci Seblat National Park. This volcano features […]


Weather and Seasons

Haze is a type of atmospheric phenomenon where dust, smoke and dry particles in the air obscure the sky’s clarity. Haze is created through various activities including farming, traffic pollution,and even wildfires. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) categorizes the obscuration of the Earth’s atmosphere by a list of different types of atmospheric phenomena. One of […]




The Pukwudgie is a small humanoid from Wampanoag folklore. The legend of this creature began in connection with the Wampanoag people’s first beliefs that a creation giant had created most of Cape Cod, Massachusetts. The Pukwudgies were jealous of the way the Natives adored the creation giant, but still tried to help them, though their […]

Leif Ericson


Leif Ericson was a Norse explorer seen as the first European to land in North America nearly 500 years prior to Christopher Columbus. According to the Sagas of Icelanders, he established a Norse settlement at Vinland, identified with the Norse L’Anse aux Meadows on the northern point of Newfoundland in modern-day Canada. It is believed […]

The History Of Wearable Technology

History Of...

Wearable technology, which includes wearable devices, tech togs, and fashionable electronics, consists of articles of clothing and/or accessories that incorporate computer and advanced electronic technologies. Designs often incorporate practical functions and features, but may also have a purely critical or aesthetic agenda. Today, wearable devices are exploding onto the market, with everything from smart glasses […]

Bowie Knife


A Bowie Knife, popularized by Colonel James “Jim” Bowie, is a style of fixed-blade knife although any large sheath knife is commonly referred to as a Bowie. The knife started gaining popularity after Jim Bowie used it in a duel at a fight called the Sandbar Fight. Ever since then the knife has been popular […]

Wichterle Otto


Professor Otto Wichterle is Czech inventor and chemist best known for pioneering a centrifugal casting method for the creation of contact lenses. Wichterle was born on October 27, 1913 in Prostejov which is in the Czech Republic. After graduating from high school, he chose to continue his education at the Chemical and Technological Faculty of […]

Central European Journal of Biology


The Central European Journal of Biology (CEJB) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published bimonthly by Versita and Springer Science+Business Media. As of May 2012, the editor-in-chief is Mariusz Z. Ratajczak (University of Louisville, USA). This English-language journal is devoted to rapid publication of original research and review articles in all biology fields. The aim of […]



Geometry is a branch of mathematics that is concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space. A mathematician who works in the geometry field is called a geometer. Geometry arose independently in numerous early cultures as a body of practical knowledge concerning areas, lengths, and volumes, with elements […]

Hurricane Features


Location A: This is known as the Eye or the center of the Hurricane/Typhoon/Cyclone. This region is highlighted by the potential for calm winds and also the fact that it’s possible to see the sun or moon during the night. It also gives people false sense that the storm may be done, when in fact […]


Streptococcus pneumoniae


Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is Gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic, bile-soluble aerotolerant, anaerobic member of the genus Streptococcus. It was recognized as a major cause of pneumonia in the late 19th century and is thus the subject of many humoral immunity studies. It causes many other types of pneumococcal infections other than pneumonia including acute sinusitis, otitis media, […]

Generalized Anxiety Disorder


Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder with worry about normal, everyday situations such as finance, health and wellbeing in relationships (personal and work related) all lasting longer than six months. Symptoms The symptoms of GAD can include but are not limited to difficulty swallowing, rashes, shortness of breath, fidgeting, headaches, tension, nausea, etc. […]


Human Anatomy

1. vitreous body 2. ora serrata 3. ciliary muscle 4. ciliary zonules 5. canal of Schlemm 6. pupil 7. anterior chamber 8. cornea 9. iris 10. lens cortex 11. lens nucleus 12. ciliary process 13. conjunctiva 14. inferior oblique muscle 15. inferior rectus muscle 16. medial rectus muscle 17. retinal arteries and veins 18. optic […]

Classical Swine Fever

Infectious Diseases

Classical swine fever, or hog cholera, is a contagious disease of pigs and wild boar. It causes fever, skin lesions, convulsions, and usually death within 15 days. Symptoms are indistinguishable from those of African swine fever. CSFV, previously called hog cholera virus, is the infectious agent. It is closely related to ruminant pestiviruses which causes […]


Medical Procedures

Aortography is the study of the specific action involving the ejection of blood from the aorta in the heart. Taking an aortogram from the patient could identify if there is a tear in the intimal wall of the aorta. This tear is eventually fatal but can be repaired in some cases. Procedure A catheter is […]



Technophobia, from Greek techne, meaning art, skill, or craft, and phobos, meaning fear, is the fear or the dislike of advanced technology or complex devices, particularly computers. Although there are a number of interpretations of technophobia, they appear to become more complex as technology continues to evolve. The term is usually used in the sense […]

SARS Coronavirus


The SARS coronavirus is the virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). In 2003 the World Health Organization issued a press release stating that the coronavirus identified by a number of laboratories was the official cause of SARS. It causes severe illness marked initially by systemic symptoms of muscle pain, headache, fever, followed in […]

Plant Kingdom

Bushmans Friend Brachyglottis repanda


Brachyglottis repanda or Bushman’s Friend is indigenous to New Zealand. Growing from 13 to 15 feet tall, this bushy tree features large leaves with a downy underside. The leaves have been referred to as the “Bushman’s toilet paper”. The plant was once used for a variety of medicinal purposes including treating wounds and sores and […]

Blue Spruce Colorado Spruce


The Blue Spruce or Colorado Spruce (Picea pungens), is a species of spruce native to western North America, from southeast Idaho and southwest Wyoming, south through Utah and Colorado to Arizona and New Mexico. It grows at high altitudes from 6,000 to 10,000 feet in altitude, though unlike Engelmann Spruce in the same area, it […]

Encephalartos ferox


Encephalartos ferox is a small species cycad plant from the Zamiaceae family. Its name is derived from the Latin word “ferocious,” likely due to spine-tipped lobes on the leaves of the plant. E. ferox has a subterranean trunk that averages about 13.77 inches wide. It’s been observed to grow up to 3 feet in height. […]

Protea sugarbushe


Protea or sugarbush is a genus of flowers in the family Proteaceae, consisting of tropical African shrubs.

Japanese Royal Fern Osmunda japonica


The Japanese Royal Fern or Japanese Flowering Fern (Osmunda japonica), is a fern in the genus Osmunda native to eastern Asia, including Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan, and the far east of Russia on Sakhalin. It grows in moist woodlands and can tolerate open sunlight only if in very wet soil. It is a deciduous herbaceous […]



Fuchsia is a genus of flowering plants (mostly shrubs) which were identified by Charles Plumier in the late 17th century, and named after the German botanist Leonhart Fuchs (1501-1566). The English vernacular name Fuchsia is the same as the scientific name. There are about 100-110 species of Fuchsia. The great majority are native to South […]

Ponytail Palm Beaucarnea recurvata


The Ponytail Palm (Beaucarnea recurvata) is a commonly grown houseplant in temperate latitudes. The plant is often referred to as the a palm, although it is not truly a palm. In order to successfully cultivate this plant, winter minimum temperatures must remain above 50°F, and rise to temperatures of around 86°F in summer. States of […]



Dawsonia is a classification of mosses. This genus is a member of the Polytrichaceae family. Dawsonia plants are commonly known to grow taller and have thicker leaves than other common mosses. Mosses are known to grow when hydrated, however most common mosses lack cuticles and internal transport tissues. This makes it difficult for them to […]

Coco Fagara coco or Zanthoxylum coco


The Coco (Fagara coco or Zanthoxylum coco) is a species of evergreen tree native to Argentina and Bolivia. It grows in wild, mostly hilly, spinniferous (thorny or spiny) forests. Its habitat is found along the hilly forest of the Sierra Pampeana. This plant is found either in small isolated groups or standing alone. Other common […]

Waterlily Nymphaeaceae

Water Lily

Waterlilies (Nymphaeaceae) belong to the Order Nymphaeales. They are tuberous plants that are rooted in soil in bodies of water, with leaves and flowers floating on the water surface. The leaves are round, with a radial notch in Nymphaea and Nuphar, but fully circular in Victoria. Modern genetic tests of the flowering plants by the […]




Actinium is a radioactive chemical element. The symbol for Actinium is Ac and the atomic number is 89. Actinium was discovered in 1899 by French chemist André-Louis Debierne. It was the first non-primordial radioactive element to be isolated. Actinium is amongst a group of 15 similar elements within the periodic table that make up the […]

Earth Science

Fields of Science

Earth science (or geoscience) is the science of the planet Earth. Earth science can be broken down into four major disciplines, which are: geography, geology, geophysics, and geodesy. These disciplines use physics, chemistry, biology, chronology and mathematics to arrive to a greater understanding of the principal areas of the Earth system. Since Earth is the […]


Genetically Modified Organisms

The GloFish is a patented and trademarked brand of genetically modified fluorescent fish. Various GloFish are currently on the market. Zebrafish were the first GloFish that were available within pet stores and are now sold in bright green, red, orange-yellow, blue, and purple fluorescent colors. Recently, Electric Green, Sunburst Orange, and Moonrise Pink colored tetra […]

Othniel Charles Marsh


Othniel Charles Marsh (October 29, 1831 – March 18, 1899) was an American paleontologist, specializing primarily in vertebrates. He is highly renowned as one of the most prominent scientists of his time, having discovered and described dozens of new species. Marsh is also credited with developing what is currently the most widely accepted theory of […]

Abutilon theophrasti Medik velvetleaf


Symbol: ABTH Group: Dicot Family: Malvaceae Duration: Annual Growth Habit: Forb/herb Native Status: L48    I CAN    I Synonyms:   ABAB3 Abutilon abutilon (L.) Rusby   ABAV Abutilon avicennae Gaertn. Distribution: County distributions for the following U.S. states are available at PLANTS:AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, […]

von Braun Wernher


Wernher von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology in Germany and the United States. His work on the Nazi rocket program made him a controversial figure. The controversy was captured in a song by satirist Tom Lehrer, who described him as […]



Myrmecology, a branch of entomology, is the study of ants that has focused on many factors about ants, including evolution and social systems. William Morton Wheeler first used the term myrmecology, but the study of ants predates the usage of the term, going back to ancient references of ants. Auguste Forel, a Swiss psychologist, conducted […]


Aldrin Buzz


Buzz Aldrin was an American mechanical engineer, pilot, and astronaut who was on the first lunar landing mission. He was also the second person to walk on the moon. He was born Edwin Eugene Aldrin, Jr. on January 20, 1930 in Glen Ridge, New Jersey. Aldrin had a successful public education, graduating from Montclair High […]

Webb Thomas William


The Reverend Thomas William Webb (December 14, 1807 ““ May 19, 1885) was a British astronomer and faithful clergyman. The lone son of a clergyman, the Rev. John Webb was raised and educated by his father in absence of his mother who died in Webb’s early childhood. He travelled to Oxford to attend Magdalen College. […]

Radio Astronomy


Radio Astronomy — Radio astronomy is the study of celestial phenomena through measurement of the characteristics of radio waves emitted by physical processes occurring in space. Radio waves are much longer than light waves. In order to receive good signals, radio astronomy requires large antennas. Radio astronomy is a relatively new field of astronomical research. […]

Lyra Constellation


Lyra Constellation — Lyra (the lyre) is a prominent, although fairly small, northern constellation. It was one of Ptolemy’s 48 constellations, and also counts among the modern 88 constellations. Its brightest star is Vega (Alpha Lyrae), which together with Altair (Alpha Aquilae) and Deneb (Alpha Cygni) forms the large asterism known as the Summer Triangle. […]

Coma Cluster

Galaxy Clusters

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC […]

International Space Station

Human Space Exploration

International Space Station — Continuing on from the United States’ Skylab and Russia’s Mir, the International Space Station (ISS) represents a permanent human presence in space. The space station is located in orbit around the Earth at an altitude of approximately 386 km, a type of orbit usually termed low Earth orbit. (The actual height […]

La Silla Observatory


La Silla Observatory — La Silla is a 2400-m mountain, bordering the southern extremity of the Atacama desert in Chile. It is located about 160 Km north of La Serena. Its geographical coordinates are: Latitude 29 15′ south & Longitude 70 44′ west. Originally known as Cinchado, the mountain was renamed La Silla (the saddle) […]

Cassini-Huygens Mission

Robotic Space Exploration

Cassini-Huygens Mission — The Cassini unmanned space probe is intended to study Saturn and its moons. It was launched on October 15, 1997 and is estimated to enter Saturn’s orbit on July 1, 2004. The mission is a joined NASA/ESA project. Cassini’s principal objectives are to: — determine the three-dimensional structure and dynamical behavior of […]

Van Allen Radiation Belt

Solar System

Van Allen Radiation Belt — The Van Allen radiation belt is a torus of energetic charged particles around Earth, trapped by Earth’s magnetic field. The presence of a radiation belt had been theorized prior to the Space Age and the belt’s presence was confirmed by the Explorer I on January 31, 1958 and Explorer III […]

Space Telescope Science Institute STScI

Space Agencies

Space Telescope Science Institute — STScI mission statement: We bring the cosmos to Earth We carry out this vision by empowering the astronomy community to produce new scientific discoveries and by bringing the benefits of this research to the public. We make the best astronomical facilities productive for the largest number of scientists, and we […]


Space Science

Panspermia — Panspermia is a theory (more directly described as a hypothesis, as there is no compelling evidence yet available to support or contradict it) that suggests that the seeds of life are prevalent throughout the universe and life on Earth began by such seeds landing on Earth and propagating. The theory has origins in […]


Space Shuttle Missions

The first orbiting space shuttle mission launched from the Kennedy Space Center on April 12, 1981 at 6 AM (CST) and landed at Edwards Air Force Base on April 14 at 12:20PM (CST). Total mission time was 2 days, 6 hours, 20 minutes, and 53 seconds. Columbia orbited at 166 nautical miles, at an inclination […]


Stellar Bodies

Vega — Vega (Alpha Lyrae) is the lead star in the constellation Lyra, reaching near directly overhead the mid-northern latitudes, during the summer. It’s a “nearby star” at only 25 light years distant and together with Arcturus and Sirius, one of the brightest stars in the Sun’s neighbourhood. Vega is a vertex of the Summer […]

Spiral Galaxy


Spiral Galaxy — Among the galaxies, there are apparently three main categories, according to their appearance: the disk galaxies (`cosmic frisbies’ according to P. Murdin, D. Allen, and D. Malin), consisting of a huge disk of stars and interstellar matter, which may form interesting patterns, the elliptical galaxies (`cosmic footballs’) which are uniformly looking, ellipsoidal […]


Elfin Sports Cars

Auto Manufacturers

Elfin Sports Cars Pty Ltd, is an Australian automobile manufacturer that was founded in 1957 by Garrie Cooper. The company produces sports cars and race cars. It is the oldest and one of the most successful sports car makers in Australia, with 29 championships and major Grand Prix titles. Previously owned by Bill Hemming and […]


Auto Models

The KTM X-Bow (crossbow) is a lightweight sports car produced for road and race use by KTM, an Austrian motorcycle manufacturer. It is the first car manufactured by the company and was shown at the Geneva Motor Show in 2008. It was also award Top Gear’s 2008 Sports Car of the Year The development of […]

Electric Vehicle

Auto Tech

The electric vehicle (EV) uses one or more electric motors to move. There are three different types of EVs. One that is powered externally by a power station, one that uses stored energy received from an external power source and one that uses an on board power source (hybrid electric vehicle). Different types of EVs […]


Computer Tech

In relation to computing, a mouse is a pointing device that operates by detecting two-dimensional motion that is relative to the surface that supports it. Typically a mouse is an object held under the user’s hand. It may have one or more buttons or wheels which allow the user to perform operations or other features […]

Bill Gates

Entrepreneurs | CEOs

William Henry “Bill” Gates III, Born October 28, 1955 is an American business magnate, investor, programmer, inventor and philanthropist. Gates is the former chief executive and Co-founder of Microsoft, the world’s largest personal-computer software company. He Co-founded Microsoft with Paul Allen. Bill Gates is consistently ranked in the Forbes list of the world’s wealthiest people […]

Xbox 360


The Xbox 360 is the second generation video game console produced by Microsoft. It was released on November 22, 2005 in the US and Canada, on December 2, 2005 in Europe, and December 10, 2005 in Japan. In the first year of the system’s release, it was sold in 36 countries; it has sold over […]

Google Chrome


Google Chrome is a freeware web browser that was released as a beta version for Microsoft Windows on September 2, 2008, and fully released on December 11, 2008 as a standalone. As of November 2012, usage share is 35 percent worldwide. A mobile version for Android was released on November 28, 2012. When Google first […]

Apple iPod

Mobile Devices

The iPod is designed and marketed by Apple Inc., first released on November 10, 2001. It is a portable media player with four current versions, iPod Shuffle, iPod Nano, iPod Touch, and the iPod Classic. It not only can play music, it also can be used as an external data storage device. Depending on the […]



An android, also known as a synthetic organism, is a robot designed to look like a human, with emphasis on realistic skin and movement. The name “android” has been used in science fiction stories in many different ways. The Oxford English Dictionary found that the earliest use of the word Android was most likely in […]