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Last updated on April 18, 2014 at 21:21 EDT

Mexican Burrowing Toad

The Mexican Burrowing Toad (Rhinophrynus dorsalis) is a species of frog that is found from southern Texas through Mexico,
Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador to Nicaragua and Costa Rica. It is, as its name suggests, a burrowing toad and spends most of its time underground. It is the only species in the genus Rhinophrynus and the family Rhinophrynidae.

This species grows to about 3.15 inches in length and usually has red spots on its bloated body with a red stripe along its back. It has short legs, and a small, pointed head. Its feet have horny, shovel-like appendages which, along with the short, powerful legs, aid it in digging. Its eyes are relatively small. This species projects it tongue directly out of the front of its mouth instead of flipping it out as most other frogs do.

After a large period of rain, the Mexican Burrowing Toad will emerge from the soil and lay eggs in a water source. They will travel up to 1 mile to find a suitable water source. Due to the unpredictability of rain, the frog will call and mate during any time of the year. The call is a loud, low pitched “wh-o-o-o-a”. When it is calling or alarmed, the body becomes inflated. It eats insects – primarily ants and termites.

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Mexican Burrowing Toad