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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 10:59 EDT

Common Crane

The Common Crane (Grus grus), also known as the Eurasian Crane, is a species of bird found in the northern parts of Europe and Asia. It has a global population of 210,000 to 250,000 individuals. The largest number of these birds nest in Russia and Scandinavia. In Great Britain the Common Crane became extinct in the 17th century, but a tiny population now breeds again in the Norfolk Broads and is slowly increasing. It is migratory and winters in areas of Africa, southern Europe, and southern Asia (south to northern Pakistan and eastern China). It rarely visits western North America.

The adult is 40 to 52 inches in length with a 71 to 96 inch wingspan, and weighs 10 to 13.2 pounds. It is mainly gray with a white facial streak and a bunch of black wing plumes. It has a red crown patch. The call that is given in flight and display is loud and trumpeting .

The Common Crane is an omnivore. It eats leaves, roots, berries (especially the cranberry), insects, small birds and mammals. The Common Crane is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.

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Common Crane