The Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus) is a medium-sized woodpecker found mainly in forested areas with large trees across most of North America to Central America.
Adults are mainly black on the upper parts and wings, with a white back, throat and belly and white spotting on the wings. There is a white bar above and below the eye. They have a black tail with white outer feathers. Adult males have a red patch on the back of the head. It is similar in appearance to the much smaller Downy Woodpecker which has a shorter bill relative to the size of its head.
They nest in tree cavities which are excavated by the nesting pair.
These birds are mostly permanent residents. Birds in the extreme north may migrate further south; birds in mountainous areas may move to lower elevations.
These birds forage on trees, often turning over bark or excavating to uncover insects. They mainly eat insects, also fruits, berries and nuts, sometimes tree sap.