The Buff-banded Rail (Gallirallus philippensis) is a species of bird in the rail family Rallidae. It comprises of several subspecies found throughout much of Australasia and the south-west Pacific region, including the Philippines, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and numerous smaller islands, covering a range of latitudes from the tropics to the Subantarctic.
About the size of a small chicken, this is a terrestrial bird with mainly brown upperparts, finely banded black and white underparts, and white eyebrow. There is a buff band on the breast.
The Buff-banded Rail is an omnivore that scavenges for terrestrial invertebrates and small vertebrates, seeds, fallen fruit, vegetable matter, carrion and refuse. The nest is found in dense grassy or reedy vegetation close to water. The female lays 5 to 8 eggs. This bird uses its dense habitat for cover. It is a shy bird, but may become tame and bold in some circumstances, such as within island resorts within the Great Barrier Reef region.