The Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii) is a medium-sized sparrow that was named by Audubon after his friend, Thomas Lincoln.
Adult birds have dark-streaked olive-brown upperparts, a light brown breast with fine streaks, a white belly and a white throat. Their cap is brown and has a grey stripe in the middle. Their wings are olive-brown and their tail narrow. Their face is grey with brown cheeks, a brown line through the eye and an eye ring. They are somewhat similar in appearance to the Song Sparrow.
Their breeding habitat includes wet thickets or shrubby bogs across Canada, Alaska and the northeastern and western United States; this bird is less common in the eastern parts of its range. The nest is a well-concealed shallow open cup on the ground under vegetation.
These migratory birds spend their winters in the southern United States, Mexico and Central America.
They forage on the ground in dense vegetation, mainly eating insects and seeds.
They are very secretive. Their song is a musical trill, but this bird is often not seen or heard even where they are common.