The Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) is a myna and a member of the starling family. It is common in tropical southern Asia from Afghanistan to India and Sri Lanka. It is also referred to as the Indian Myna or Talking Myna due to its ability to mimic human speech.
It has extended its range into southeast Asia, and has been introduced widely elsewhere, including South Africa, Hawaii, North America (especially in the southern Florida area), Australia (where it is considered to be one of the most invasive pests) and New Zealand.
This bird is normally found in open woodland, cultivation and around habitation. The Common Myna builds a nest in hole in a tree or wall and the normal clutch averages 4-6 eggs. They are popular as cage birds for their singing and “speaking” abilities.
The Common Myna has a brown body and wing plumage and is typically 25 cm long. It has large white wing patches obvious in flight and the head and throat are dark grey. The bill, bare skin around the eyes and strong legs are bright yellow. Males and females are similar and mate for life. They strut while walking, hopping usually only to jump up or down. Their songs include croaks, squawks, chirps, clicks and whistles and they often fluff their feathers and bob their heads in singing. They screech warnings to their mates or other birds in cases of predators in proximity.
Like most starlings, the Common Myna is omnivorous.