The American Robin, (Turdus migratorius), is a migratory songbird of the thrush family. The bird breeds throughout Canada and the United States.
Though robins will occasionally overwinter in the northern U.S. and
southern Canada, most migrate to the south, as far as Guatemala, in late August and return in late February and March.
The American Robin is 25-28 cm (10-11 in) long. The upper body and head are gray, and the underside is orange — usually brighter in the male. During the breeding season, the adult males grow distinctive black feathers on their heads; after the breeding season they lose this eye-catching plumage.
As with many migratory birds, the males return to the summer breeding grounds before the females and compete with each other for nesting sites.
The females then select mates based on the males’ songs, plumage, and territory quality. The female builds the nest where she then lays three to four blue eggs in the lined cup. Incubation, almost entirely by the female is 11-14 days to hatching, with another 15-16 days to fledging. Two broods in a season are common.
The American Robin’s habitat is all sorts of woodland and more open farmland and urban areas. Food is the typical thrush mixture of insects, earthworms, and berries. Robins are frequently seen running across lawns, picking up earthworms by sight or sound.
The American Robin is the state bird of Connecticut, Michigan and
Wisconsin and is unrelated to the much smaller European Robin.