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Great Tit

The Great Tit (Parus major) is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is a widespread and common species throughout Europe and Asia in any sort of woodland. It is resident, and most birds do not migrate.

It is an easy tit to recognize, large in size at 5.5 inches, with a broad black line down its otherwise yellow front. The neck and head are black with white cheeks and ear coverts. Upper parts are olive. It has a white wing bar and outer tail feathers. In young birds the black is replaced by brown and the white by yellow.

There are many races of this widespread species, but they fall into three groups. Birds in temperate Europe and Asia are essentially green above and yellow below. Great Tits in China, Japan and southeastern Russia are green above and white or yellow-tinged white below, and birds in India and southeast Asia are grey above and whitish below.

Any hole will do for a nest, and it will readily take to nest boxes.
The clutch is usually seven or eight eggs, sometimes larger. The eggs are white and spotted red. The bird is a close sitter and will hiss when disturbed.

Like other tits, its food is insects, especially caterpillars when feeding young, and seeds. In England, Great Tits learned to break open the foil caps sealing bottles of milk that had been delivered to homes to get at the cream floating on top.

Great Tit


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