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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 12:43 EDT

Orchard Oriole

The Orchard Oriole, Icterus spurius, is a small blackbird. Their breeding habitat is semi-open areas with deciduous trees across eastern North America south to central Mexico, often near water. These birds migrate in flocks to winter from central Mexico south through Central America to northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela.

Adult Orchard Orioles are 6.3 inches long and weigh about three quarters of an ounce. They have a pointed bill and white wing bars. The male is chestnut on the under parts, shoulder and rump, and black everywhere else. The female is olive-green on the upper parts, and yellowish on the breast and belly.

They forage in trees and shrubs, also making short flights to catch insects and feeding from flowers. These birds mainly eat insects, berries and nectar, also flower parts. Their nest is a tightly woven pouch attached to a fork on a horizontal branch. In some parts of their range, they may nest in small colonies.

Orchard Oriole