The Painted Bunting, Passerina ciris, belongs to the Cardinal family Cardinalidae. This bird is resident to North America. Its breeding range includes Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia and Louisiana. Populations are declining on the East Coast where habitat is being lost to development.
The male Painted Bunting is often described as the most beautiful bird in North America. It has a dark blue head, green back, red rump and under parts and is easily identifiable because of its beautiful colors. Females and young birds are green and yellow-green, serving as camouflage in woodland edges and brushy areas.
Painted Buntings are mostly monogamous and are solitary or in pairs during breeding season. They are shy, secretive and often difficult to see. Males sing from exposed perches and often hop on the ground. They eat seeds, insects and caterpillars.