The Small Buttonquail (Turnix sylvatica), also known as the Andalusian Hemipode is a buttonquail and one of a small family of birds which resemble, but are unrelated to, true quails. The species is resident from Southern Spain and Africa through India and tropical Asia to Indonesia. It avoids thick forest and hilly country. It lives preferably in cornfields and stretches of grassy plain as well as any type of low herbage and open scrub jungle.
This tiny buttonquail is notoriously difficult to see. It is a small 6 inch long drab running bird, which avoids flying. It is a species which inhabits warm grasslands or scrub jungle and feeds on insects and seeds. Small Buttonquail resembles a Common Quail. It has streaked sandy brown upperparts, buff under parts with black flank markings and a plain face. In flight, a whitish wingbar contrasts with the grey wing. Sexes are similar, but immature birds are more spotted below.
The female calls with a deep hoom-hoom-hoom and the male replies kek-kek-kek.