The Nilgiri Pipit (Anthus nilghiriensis), is a near threatened species of bird endemic to the Western Ghats in South India. It is found in short mountainous grasslands scattered with marshes and small streams mostly in hill slopes above 4900 feet. Other populations can be found in Upper Bhavani River basin and Bangithapal village areas at the southern end of Mukurthi National Park. These birds are also found in the Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve.
The Nilgiri Pipit is 6.75 inches long. Nilgiri Pipit breeds between March and June. It nests inside the marshy grasslands near streams and uses the surrounding grass areas for feeding.