The Palawan Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron napoleonis) also known as the Napoleon Peacock-pheasant, is a species of pheasant endemic to the Philippines. Its habitat is the humid forests of Palawan Island in the southernmost part of the Philippine Islands. Due to habitat loss, small population size and limited range as well as hunting and capture for trade, the Palawan Peacock-pheasant is classified as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I of CITES.
The male is considered the most handsome member of the genus Polyplectron. It has an erectile crest, a white stripe over the eyes and highly iridescent metallic green and black plumage. The tail feathers are decorated with large blue-green ocelli (eyes), which may be spread fanlike in courtship displays. The female is smaller than the male. It has a dark brown plumage with a short crest and is whitish on the throat, cheeks and eyebrows.
The female usually lays up to two eggs.