The Swallow-tailed Bee-eater (Merops hirundineus) is a species of bird in the bee-eater family Meropidae. It is found in savannah woodlands of sub-Saharan Africa. It prefers more wooded country than most bee-eaters. It is somewhat migratory depending on rainfall patterns.
This is a richly colored, slender bird, like other bee-eater species. Its colors and easily seen forked tail make this species unique. It is mostly green with a yellow throat and black eye stripe and beak. It is about 8.5 inches (including the long forked feathers), at adulthood. Sexes are alike.
Just as the name suggests, bee-eaters predominantly eat
insects, especially bees, wasps and hornets, which are caught in the air by sorties from an open perch. Swallowtails have a preference for honeybees. These birds nest in pairs or small colonies in sandy banks or flat ground. They make a long tunnel in which 2 to 4 white eggs are laid.