The KrÃ¼per’s Nuthatch (Sitta krueperi) is a species of nuthatch found in southeast Europe and southwest Asia. It occurs in Turkey, Georgia, Russia and on the Greek island of Lesvos. It inhabits pine forest at lower altitudes, and it is also found in spruce, fir, cedar and sometimes juniper forests at higher altitudes. In Turkey it is abundant in Turkish pine. In the Caucasus region the bird lives in spruce forests between 3200 and 6500 feet in elevation.
This species is declining in numbers in Turkey due to tourism and urbanization in its coniferous habitats and the construction of summer homes in its Mediterranean range. Laws for the promotion of tourism were passed in 2003, which further worsen the problem of habitat loss for this species.