Nemegtomaia, meaning “Nemegt mother”, is a genus of oviraptoran dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous Period of what is now Mongolia. The type species, N. barsboldi, was described by a team of scientists in 2004. It was originally named Nemegtia, which was a name given to another specimen found in the same formation. It was renamed in 2005. This dinosaur is known from fairly good remains and well-preserved skull. The skull was originally thought to belong to the genus Ingenia, until further inspection revealed it was that of Nemegtomaia. This animal was a close relative of Citipati.