The Pumi is a Hungarian terrier-type breed which originated as a general farm dog, primarily used for herding during the 17th and 18th centuries. The breed is a mix between Puli-type dogs and herding terriers which was known only in Hungary until the 1970s when it was introduced to Finland and Sweden. It was exported to the U.S. for the first time in the 1990s. It is a fairly rare breed; only a few hundred dogs are registered each year. Despite its original use as a herding breed, it is now used for dog agility, dog dancing, obedience, detection, search and rescue, and boar hunting.
The Pumi stands 15 to 19 inches tall and weighs 17 to 33 pounds. It has a thick, curly coat that is generally around 3 inches long. The topcoat is harsh the undercoat soft. The Pumi is generally gray but can also be black, white, or sable. The coat of the breed typically starts out black but begins to gray at around the two month mark. The trademark of the breed is its ears which are high set, lively, and alert. The tips of the ears bend down and the hair on the ears is longer than the rest of its hair. The head of the Pumi is narrow and long, and its muzzle takes up nearly half of the length of the head. The body of the breed is light and square.
The Pumi is an active and intelligent breed. It is relatively easy to train and naturally protective of its own family. It is often reserved toward strangers and needs to be socialized at a young age.
The Pumi is generally healthy and usually lives 12 to 14 years, but it may have health problems such as hip dysplasia and patellar luxation.