The Rampur Greyhound is a sighthound native to the Rampur region of Northern India. It was used by the Maharajas for jackal control, as well as for hunting lions, tigers, leopards, panthers, and wild boar. Combining blood lines from the Tazi ““ an Afghan breed, and the English Greyhound, his Royal Highness Ahmed Ali Khan Bahadur bred the Rampur Greyhound. The breed appears similar to the Tazi, and has a similar character, but gets its speed from the English Greyhound. It is built for endurance; it can cover large distances very quickly. With an eventual decline in hunting in India, the breed began to disappear, and it currently balances on the fine line of extinction. Currently only a handful of Rampur Greyhounds are known or registered outside of India.
The Rampur Greyhound stands 22 to 30 inches tall and weighs 60 to 65 pounds. Its size is similar to that of a typical Greyhound but it is a good deal wider and more muscular. Its head is also much more substantial. The skull of the Rampur Greyhound is flat, and its Roman nose is pointed. Its ears are high set, and its feet are hare-like and webbed. It has flexible toes which give it cat-like balance. The Rampur Greyhound has a short coat which can be black, mouse-gray, grizzle, brindle, or parti-color. Its eyes can be yellow to golden brown.
The breed is affectionate with its owner and thrives on companionship. The breed can appear lazy at times, but it can be incredibly rambunctious during play. The breed is commanding and generally very protective of its family. The breed needs plenty of space to run and play, as well as firm training from its master. It should be properly socialized, as the breed may have a tendency to fight with other dogs if this step is not taken. It not only needs a large area for play, but it needs a great deal of exercise to remain calm and happy.
The Rampur Greyhound is generally healthy and has a relatively long lifespan. Hereditary illness in the breed is rare, but the breed may develop bloat, esophageal achalasia, bloat, and osteosarcoma. The blood chemistry of the breed is unusual; it has a higher red blood count than most other breeds, which allows oxygen to move more quickly between the lungs and the muscles.