The Sardinian Anglo-Arab, also known as the Sardinian or the Anglo-Arabo Sardo in Italian, is a breed of horse that was developed in Sardinia. The development of this breed began in 1874, when the Ozieri Army Remount Station was created in order to breed horses to be used in cavalries by the Italian Army. Native Sardinian mares were crossbred with horses carrying Oriental blood, especially those with Arabian blood, as well as Anglo-Arabian stallions. Beginning in 1915, other breeds were added including purebred Arabian horses and Thoroughbreds, but each horse was preferred to have at least twenty-five percent Arabian genes in their blood. The breed received its name in 1967, but in more recent years the Sardinian portion of its name has been taken out in order to promote it as an Anglo-Arabian horse.
The Sardinian Anglo-Arab reaches a height between 15.3 and 16.2 hands and shares many features with the Arabian horse including a refined head and solid legs and hooves. This breed is typically bay, chestnut, or gray in color and is known for its spirited temperament and endurance. Today, this breed is often used in eventing, races, and steeplechasing, but it is also used in festivals celebrating its history in Sardinia and in the police force. It has played a significant role in the development of the Italian Saddle Horse and is currently being used to develop the Giarab, a small sport pony.
Image Caption: Sardinian Anglo-Arab. Credit: piccolomondoagiudizio/Wikipedia