The Schleswig horse is a breed of draught horse that was developed in northern Germany in the late nineteenth century. It was developed when the breeding association in Schleswig Holstein separated the breeds within the draught and warmblood classifications. In 1891 the Schleswiger Horse Breeders Society was established in order to preserve the breed, which had undergone several temporary changes through crossbreeding which did not result in the desired horse until the Jutland breed was introduced. After World War I, Breton, Boulonnais, and Suffolk Punch bloodlines were added to improve the breed.
Although the population numbers of the Schleswig horse increased after both World War I and World War II, mechanization caused a dramatic decrease in the population, which reached only forty individuals as of 1976, which caused the breed registration to close. It was opened again in 1991 and although its population number has increased, the breed is still considered to be endangered by many organizations.
The Schleswig horse reaches a height between 15.1 and 16 hands, with stallions often growing larger than mares. Its body is well-proportioned body, strong hindquarters, short legs, and a straight head with expressive eyes. This breed has some feathering on the legs and is typically chestnut in color, although some individuals can be bay or gray in color. Its mane and tail are flaxen in color, so it highly resembles the Jutland horse. It is noted for its endurance and willingness to learn, as well as its calm temperament. It was once used as a working horse and although it is still used in the timber and agriculture industries, it is also used for driving purposes.
Image Caption: schleswigerKaltblut2. Credit: Daniela Rothe/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)