Micropterus (LacÃ©pÃ¨de, 1802), is a genus of freshwater fish in the sunfish family. The black basses are distributed throughout a large area east of the Rocky Mountains in North America, from the Hudson Bay basin in Canada to northeastern Mexico. Several species, notably the largemouth and smallmouth bass, have been very widely introduced throughout the world, and are now considered cosmopolitan. Black bass of all species are highly sought-after game fish and bass fishing is an extremely popular sport throughout the bass’ native range. These fish are well known as strong fighters, and their meat is eaten, being quite edible and firm, though catch-and-release fishing is becoming more popular in order to preserve fish populations.
All Micropterus species have a dull-green base coloring with dark patterns on the sides. Most reach a maximum overall length of 16″“24 in (40″“60 cm), but the largemouth has been reported to grow to just over 3 ft in length.
The males build nests in which the eggs are deposited by a female and then fertilized. The male continues to guard the eggs and fry until they leave the nest.
The Atlantic bumper (Chloroscombrus chrysurus), while once assigned the generic name of Micropterus, is an unrelated marine fish of family Carangidae. The Black bass are sometimes called black trout, but the name trout more correctly refers to certain members of the salmon family (Salmonidae).