Siberian Roe Deer, Capreolus pygargus
The Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus), also known as the eastern roe deer, can be found in northeastern areas of Asia. Its range includes Mongolia, Siberia, the Korean peninsula, eastern Tibet, northeastern China, and the Tian Shan Mountains. It is thought that this species lived in England for a short period, but it no longer exists there. The roe deer species is split into two areas, in Siberia and in Ural. It prefers to live in grasslands or steppe lands, and have adapted to live in extreme weather.
The Siberian roe deer was once thought to be the same species as the European roe deer, but the Siberian species bears larger antlers and is found in a different range. It can reach an average weight of up to 130 pounds, with makes being the only members of the species to grow antlers. The fur is typically light grey in winter and red during the summer. The underbelly is white in color, and young bear spotted coats.
The mating season for the Siberian roe deer occurs between the months of August and September. After mating pregnancy is delayed, a trait which is distinct in deer species, and pregnancy occurring in January. Pregnancy lasts between 289 and 300 days, after which one or two fawns are born, with a typical birth containing two. Young are weaned at up to five months of age, but will not mate until two or three years of age.
Male Siberian roe deer mark territory by scenting trees and high shrubs, or by rubbing their antlers against trees, leaving visible markings. This species is capable of making six distinct sounds, including squeaking, rasping, barking, whistling, whining, and screaming. The typical lifespan of this species is ten years, although it can live to be eighteen years of age. The Siberian roe deer appears on the IUCN Red List with a conservation status of “Least Concern”.
Image Caption: Siberian Roe Deer, Capreolus pygargus. Credit: Kun530/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)