Pond Bat, Myotis dasycneme
The pond bat (Myotis dasycneme) is a vesper bat that can be found in Eurasia, with a range that stretches from Russia to France, and includes Kazakhstan. It roosts in different areas depending on the season. In the summer, it roosts in lowland areas in woods or meadows, with a source of water nearby. These roots are most often found in hollow trees, church towers, or roofs. Winter roosts are commonly found in the foothills of mountains, with most of these occurring at an altitude below 984 feet.
The pond bat is a medium sized bat, with ears that are shorter than most vesper bat species. Its thick fur is brown at the base, with greyish white or greyish yellow fur occurring on the underbelly and yellow grey or brown fur occurring on the back. The mating season for the pond bat begins at the end of August, when females will form nursery colonies between 40 and 400 individuals. Males rarely occur in these groups. Sexual maturity is reached two years of age.
The pond bat is most active at dusk and will hunt one or two times throughout the night, during late evening and early morning. It will fly as low as 1.9 inches above the surface of meadows, water, and woodland boundaries to hunt for moths, gnats and mosquitos. This species uses echolocation to navigate and hunt for food. It can live for up to nineteen years. The pond bat appears on the IUCN red List with a conservations status of “Near Threatened.”
Image Caption: Myotis dasycneme. Credit: Gilles San Martin/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 2.0)