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Last updated on April 18, 2014 at 15:17 EDT

Chacma Baboon

The Chacma Baboon (Papio ursinus) is from the Old World monkey family. It has a body length of up to 45.28 in (115 cm) and a weight from 33.07 to 68.34 lb (15 to 31 kg). It is the largest and heaviest baboon species. It has dark-brown or grey hair with a long snout. Unlike other baboons, the males do not have a mane.

Its range is southern Africa and extends south of Angola, Zambia and Mozambique to South Africa. Sizes and skin coloring can vary within that range.

Like all baboons it lives in groups. They live in mixed social groups, although in some regions (for example parts of South Africa) an alpha male dominates. It possesses a complex group behavior. It communicates by means of body attitudes, facial expressions, sounds and touch. The Chacma Baboon is omnivorous with a preference for fruits, while also eating insects, seeds, and smaller vertebrate animals.

The Chacma Baboon is widespread and does not rank among threatened animal species.

Chacma Baboon