The brown hyena (Parahyaena brunnea, formerly Hyaena brunnea) lives mainly in the Kalahari and Namib deserts of southern Africa. It is smaller than the spotted hyena, and unlike its spotted cousin, is largely a scavenger. It is the largest land animal to derive most of its diet from scavenging. Because of the scarcity of food in the desert, the brown hyena supplements its diet with fruit and vegetables. Along the Namib coastline they are known to snatch seal pups.
Also unlike the spotted hyena, the females do not have enlarged clitoris. The males are slightly larger than females. Their clans are also smaller, ranging between 4 to 15 members. They do not hunt cooperatively. Brown hyenas are commonly killed by people, lions, and spotted hyenas.