The Chital Deer, Axis axis, is a species of deer that is commonly found in the wooded regions of Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, and most of India. It is the most common species of deer in Indian forests. Other common names given to this species are the Spotted Deer, and the Axis Deer.
Its coat is reddish fawn, marked with white spots, and it’s under parts are white. Its antlers, which it sheds annually, are usually three-pronged and curve in a lyre shape and may extend to 30 inches. Chital most commonly occur in herds of ten to fifty individuals comprised of one or two stags and a number of females and young. They are often fairly tolerant of approach by humans and vehicles, especially where they are accustomed to human disturbance.
It has a lengthened breeding season due to the tropical climate in which it lives, and births can occur throughout the year. For this reason, males do not have their antler cycles in synchrony and there are some fertile females at all times of the year. Males sporting hard antlers are dominant over those in velvet or those without antlers, regardless of their size and other factors.