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Last updated on April 24, 2014 at 1:21 EDT

Conifers

Hartweg’s pine (Pinus hartwegii) is found growing in the mountains of Mexico and Central America east to Honduras. This tree was discovered and named in 1838 by Karl Hartweg.

Gregg’s pine (Pinus greggii) is native to eastern Mexico. The name is derived from a merchant, explorer, naturalist, and author of the American Southwest and Northern Mexico, Josiah Gregg (1806-1850).

Gray pine (Pinus sabiniana) is prevalent throughout California in the United States. The tree is also known as the Digger pine, California foothill pine, ghost pine, bull pine, and nut pine.

Coulter pine (Pinus coulteri) is native to the coastal mountains of Southern California and northern Mexico. Rare, isolated stands of Coulter pine can be found in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Bishop pine (Pinus muricata) grows on or near the coast in California and Mexico; becoming endangered in Mexico. This tree also goes by the name of prickle cone pine, bull pine, Obispo pine, Santa Cruz pine and dwarf marine pine.

Arizona pine (Pinus arizonica) is found in the United States in northern Mexico, southeast Arizona, southwest New Mexico, and western Texas.

Apache pine (Pinus engelmannii) grows in the south west from Northern Mexico to southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona. This pine is closely related to the Michoacan pine and the longleaf pine.

Tenasserim pine (Pinus latteri) is an evergreen that is native to Mainland Southeast Asia. This tree grows in the mountains of southeastern Burma, northern Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam as well as on the island of Hainan in China.

Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea) is native to Central America, Cuba, the Bahamas as well as the Turks and Caicos Islands.

Table mountain pine (Pinus pungens) is native to the Appalachian Mountains located in the United States. This pine also goes by the name of hickory pine, prickly pine, or mountain pine.

Sumatran pine (pinus merkusii) is an evergreen native to Southeast Asia, primarily in Indonesia and in the mountains of northern Sumatra.

Spruce pine (Pinus glabra) grows along the coastline of the southern United States, from South Carolina to Florida and west to Louisiana. The Spruce pine rarely grows in pure stands, most often it is found inter dispersed among mixed hardwoods.

Slash pine (Pinus elliottii) is native to the southeastern United States, from South Carolina to Louisiana along with the Florida Keys and 45% growing in Georgia. The name derives from the “slashes” for which they live.

Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata) is native to the southeastern United States. This tree is found in 22 states and has a range from 10 feet in elevation up to 3000 feet.

Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) is the only native pine to Europe and Asia and was introduced in New Zealand and the colder climates of North America. The Scots pine grows at sea level to 3281 feet in the northern regions and 3937-8530 feet in the south.

Sand Pine (Pinus clausa) is found along the Florida coasts line mainly the Florida Peninsual from Tampa to Naples on the Gulf Coast and from St. Augustine to Fort Lauderdale on the Atlantic Coast.

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) is native to the Southeastern United States including central Texas, Florida, Delaware, and southern New Jersey. The pine is also considered to be a southern yellow pine.

Austrian pine (Pinus nigra), also known as the European Black Pine, grows in southern Mediterranean Europe from Spain to the Crimea, in Asia Minor and on Corsica/Cyprus. This pine can also be found in North Africa in the high mountains.

Mountain pine (Pinus mugo) is found in the mountains of Central Europe. The mountain pine is a short, stubby, slow growing tree. The mountain pine can be found in the Alps, northern Apennines and the Balkan Peninsula mountains. The pine grows at altitu...

Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) grows naturally in the western and southwestern Mediterranean region primarily Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. The Maritime pine can also be found in Portugal and Spain, southern and western France, and Italy with smaller ...