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Last updated on April 23, 2014 at 16:13 EDT

Domestic Dog Breeds

The Phalène is the drop-eared version of a toy breed known as the Papillon. It is the earliest form of the breed, and was a breed used primarily as a companion dog to royalty and the upper class. The breed is generally the same as the Papillon, w...

The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen was originally bred for small game hunting in brushy areas in the La Vendee district of France. It is one of three Griffon Vendéen breeds. The breed is 12.5 to 15.5 inches tall and weighs between 25 and 40 poun...

The Peruvian Hairless Dog is an ancient Peruvian breed which was and is often kept as a pet in the region. It is one of a few breeds of hairless dog that exist, and it is very similar to the Xoloitzcuintli in particular. They lived in the coastal areas...

The Perro de Presa Canario originated in the Canary Islands as a cattle drover, guard dog, bull-fighting breed, and general multi-purpose farm dog. The name translates to Canarian Dog of Prey. The Perro de Presa Canario was first established in the1700...

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi originated in Wales as a herding breed. The breed might have descended from Swedish Vallhund dogs which came to Wales with the Vikings, or it might have been a cross between the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and a spitz-type dog. The Co...

The Pekingese is an ancient Chinese breed which was a favorite pet of the Chinese Imperial court. The breed is incredibly similar to the Japanese Chin, and they most likely have the same ancestry. For centuries, the breed could only be owned by royalty...

The Patterdale Terrier is an English breed developed to guard flocks. It is a type of fell terrier which was first popularized in the mid 20th century. The breed was used as predator control in the hills of north England where sheep farming dominates. ...

The Parson Russell Terrier is a breed which descended from fox-working terriers used for hunting. It was recognized by the UK Kennel Club in 1990. It has a larger chest and longer head than the Jack Russell Terrier, its close relative. They are rarely ...

The Papillon is a small dog bred as a companion and watch dog. It is one of the oldest toy breeds, traced back to Italy circa 1542. The breed can be seen in paintings over the centuries, especially in those of royal and merchant class families. The ...

The Polish Tatra Sheepdog is a dog breed from Poland used by shepherds to guard and herd sheep. The breed more than likely originated during the 14th century. It is similar in appearance to the Pyrenean Mountain Dog and the Hungarian Kuvasz, and it was...

The Otterhound is British breed originally bred for hunting. It is in the same bloodlines as the Bloodhound and the Airedale Terrier. The breed has almost always been rare, even during the early 20th century when hunting was popular. The use of the bre...

The Olde English Bulldogge is a recreation of the Old English Bulldog, an extinct bull-baiting breed which existed in England during the 19th century. After the Cruelty to Animals Act was passed in Parliament in 1835, blood sport was outlawed, and the ...

The Old English Terrier, or the black terrier was developed as a working and sporting breed in England. It was established during the 17th and 18th centuries. The breed can have one of two types of coat: smooth or rough. The breed was developed based o...

The Old English Bulldog is an extinct breed which was derived from ancient war breeds such as the Mastiff and the Alaunt. The breed was eventually crossed with the Greyhound to increase the speed and reduce the weight of specimens at that time. The bre...

The Old English Sheepdog is a livestock herding breed which originated in the southern part of England during the 19th century. The breed's ancestors may include the Scottish Bearded Collie and the Russian Owtchar. The breed was likely used as a "drove...

The Old Danish Pointer, also known as the Bakhound, is a hunting breed from Denmark. The breed's origin can be traced to the year 1710. The breed was created when a man named Morten Bak crossed gypsy dogs with local farm dogs. Some of the dogs crossed ...

The Norwich Terrier is a breed of dog which was first bred in the United Kingdom during the 1800s for hunting vermin. The breed, a descendant of the Irish Terrier, is a hardy dog useful for chasing fox, ridding farms of rodents, and as a family compani...

The Nova Scotia Duck-Tolling Retriever was developed in Nova Scotia during the 20th century to toll waterfowl. The breed's tolling methods of hunting are unique: it splashes in the water which lures curious waterfowl toward the dog. The hunter calls th...

The Norwegian Lundehund is a small breed which was originally bred in Norway for hunting Puffins along the coast. The breed's extra toes plus their flexibility allowed them to hunt the birds even in inaccessible nesting locations in caves and on cliffs...

The Norwegian Elkhound is an ancient breed which has been used as a large game hunter, a guardian, a herder, and a defender. The breed is a Spitz type breed which excels at its duties under even the worst climate conditions. Its name, translated means ...