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Domestic Dog Breeds

The Karelian Bear Dog is a hunting breed from Finland. The breed is commonly used for hunting large animals such as moose and elk and is capable of hunting bear and boar as well, thus its name. The breed has never been interbred with other breeds in it...

The Kangal Dog is a mastiff type sheep dog which originated in Turkey. It is a large breed, not used to herd, but instead used as a guardian for livestock. The ancestors of the breed likely migrated from central Asia to Turkey with the Oghuz Turks who ...

The Kai Ken, also known as the Tora Dog, is a Spitz type breed from Japan, where it is considered to be the purest, most ancient breed. The breed was developed as a hunting dog in the Kai district. Even in Japan, the breed is rare; its rank however is ...

The Japanese Spitz is an entirely white breed of dog that is thought to have been bred from the White German Spitz, Siberian Samoyed, Russian Spitz, and American Eskimo Dog during the 19th century in Japan. The breed became popular in Japan, Europe, an...

The Japanese Chin is a small spaniel and the breed of Japanese royalty. They originated in the Sichuan Province of China. The breed was made famous in England and America during the 19th and 20th centuries. The Japanese Chin weighs 4 to 15 pounds an...

The Jagdterrier or the German Hunt Terrier is a working breed used in both above and underground hunting. The breed originated in Germany and was used primarily for hunting badgers, fox, raccoons, wild boar and rabbits. Lutz Heck, a German, and curator...

The Jack Russell Terrier is a working breed with origins in fox hunting. It was bred in the late 1700s specifically to chase, but not kill, fox. Its small size is important to its purpose. The Jack Russell Terrier generally weighs 14 pounds and has ...

The Italian Greyhound is a small sight hound, which originated more than 4,000 years ago in Greece and Turkey. Due to its popularity in Renaissance Italy, the breed was named after the country. The breed is mainly a companion breed but has also been us...

The Istarski OÅ¡trodlaki Gonič is a scent hound used primarily for that purpose. It was developed in Croatia during the 1800s for hunting rabbit and fox, and is still used today to hunt those animals as well as hare and wild boar. The Istarski OÅ...

The Irish Water Spaniel is one of the largest, oldest, and rarest spaniels which was developed in Ireland in the 1830s. It is a working, retrieving breed which specializes in swimming. Although the current breed stock is Irish, its ancestry and origina...

The Irish Terrier was bred originally to be a guard dog and hunter. It is one of many terrier breeds, and it is believed to have descended from black and tan terrier-types of the British Isles. The breed is an excellent vermin killer; it was brought to...

The Irish Setter is a hunting breed used predominantly for pointing upland game birds. The breed is also capable of being used for other types of hunting, such as hunting in the wetlands. It was The Irish Setter was brought to the United States in the ...

The Irish Red and White Setter is a medium sized gundog. It is similar to the Irish Setter, however it is more often a working breed. At one time, all Irish Setters were red and white, but for years following, only red dogs were bred. During the 20th ...

The Icelandic Sheepdog is a Spitz type dog which originated in Iceland. It is a large breed which resembles dogs found in Denmark and Sweden in 8000 B.C. The breed was nearly destroyed during the 19th century due to canine distemper and plague, which l...

The Huntaway is a herding breed which was developed in New Zealand during the 1900s. It is a large breed typically used to move sheep away from a shepherd with its loud, deep, noisy bark. The breed typically stands 20 to 24 inches high and weighs 55...

The Hungarian Vizsla is a hunting breed which originated in Hungary. The breed's ancestors can be traced back to 9th century Hungary; they were a toy breed used by tribesmen to hunt rats. The breed has neared extinction several times in its history, fi...

The Hovawart is a German guard dog which originated in the Black Forest region during medieval times. One of the first documentations of a Hovawart involved the dog saving the the son of a Lord from a besieged castle. The breed has long been held in th...

The Hortaya Borzaya is a short haired sight hound which originated in the former USSR. It is a large Asian hound which was developed over several centuries. The first breed standard was set in place in 1951 by the USSR, but its development can not be a...

The Dutch Shepherd Dog, also known as the Hollandse Herder, is a versatile working breed of Dutch origin. The breed was created due to a demand for a "jack-of-all-trades" with few demands which could work with shepherds and farmers. The breed is often ...

The Havanese is a Bichon type dog developed in Cuba from an older breed, the Bichon Tenerife, which was introduced by Spanish sailors. It was briefly used as a circus dog, trick dog, and court companion in Europe during the 19th century. It is a very n...