The Aegean Sea is a stretched out embayment of the Mediterranean Sea that is located between the southern Balkan and Anatolian peninsulas. Northwards, it’s connected to the Marmara Sea and the Black sea via the Dardanelles and Bosporus. The Aegean Islands are located in the sea and some bordering its southern periphery, including Rhodes and Crete. This Aegean region consists of 9 provinces in southwestern Turkey, partly bordering on the Aegean Sea.
It was traditionally known as Archipelago, in Greek meaning “chief sea”, but in English, this word’s meaning has changed to be in reference to the Aegean Islands and to any island group in general.
The Sea covers about 83,000 sq mi regarding area, and measures roughly 380 mi longitudinally and 190 mi latitudinally. The maximum depth of the Aegean Sea is 11,624 ft, eastwards from Crete.
The surface of the Aegean Sea circulates in a counter-clockwise gyre, with hypersaline Mediterranean water moving towards the north along the western coast of Turkey, before being displaced by lesser dense Black Sea outflow.
They physical oceanography of the Aegean Sea is mainly controlled by the regional climate, the seasonal variations in the surface water outflow from the Black Sea through the Dardanelles Strait.