Volcanology is the study of volcanoes, magma, lava, and related geological, geochemical, and geophysical phenomena.
Seismology is the scientific study of earthquakes and the spread of elastic waves through the Earth or through other planet-like bodies.
Paleontology or Palaeontology is the scientific study of prehistoric life, including the study of fossils to determine the organisms evolution and interactions with each other and their environments.
Earth science (or geoscience) is the science of the planet Earth. Earth science can be broken down into four major disciplines, which are: geography, geology, geophysics, and geodesy. These disciplines use physics, chemistry, biology, chronology and ma...