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Waterlily, Nymphaeaceae

Waterlilies (Nymphaeaceae) belong to the Order Nymphaeales. They are tuberous plants that are rooted in soil in bodies of water, with leaves and flowers floating on the water surface. The leaves are round, with a radial notch in Nymphaea and Nuphar, but fully circular in Victoria.

Modern genetic tests of the flowering plants by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group have shown that the water-lilies are among the most primitive of the flowering plants.

The white water-lily is the national flower of Bangladesh.

The genus Nelumbo, superficially similar and previously often included in the Nymphaeaceae, is genetically very different, and is now placed in its own family, the Nelumbonaceae, in the order Proteales.

Waterlily Nymphaeaceae


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