Majorcan Midwife Toad
The Majorcan Midwife Toad (Alytes muletensis), also known as the Ferreret or Mallorcan Midwife Toad, is native to the Balearic Island of Majorca in the Mediterranean Sea. Discovered in 1977, this species was thought to be extinct beforehand, as only fossils were collected. Still found in the wild today, the midwife toad can be more commonly seen in zoos. In the wild it is found only in mountainous regions and gorges of the Sierra de Tramuntana. It inhabits streams in limestone caverns where they hide under boulders and stones.
Females of this species are about 1.5 inches long with males being a bit smaller. Like all midwife toads, the male carries the developing eggs during the months of May and June. The head and legs are usually large in comparison to the rest of the body. The female competes with other females for the right to mate with males. Both sexes use a series of noises in order to attract a mate during courtship.
Currently the species is protected as a Majorcan endemic species, and breeding programs have been started to prevent the extinction of this species. The number of wild animals is estimated at around 300 to 700 breeding pairs.