The Gila Woodpecker, (Melanerpes uropygialis), is a medium-sized woodpecker of the desert regions of the southwestern United States. They range through southeastern California, southern Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico. Its habitat consists of low desert scrub typical of the Sonora desert. They build nests in holes made in saguaro cacti or mesquite trees. There, they typically lay 3-5 white eggs.
The back and wings of this bird are spotted and barred with a black and white zebra-like pattern. The neck, throat, belly and head are grayish-tan in color. The male has a small red cap on the top of the head. Females and young are similar, but both lack the red cap of the adult male. White wing patches are prominent in flight. The dark tail has white bars on the central tail feathers. They range from 8-10 inches in length.