The Peaceful Dove (Geopelia placida), is a pigeon native to Australia and New Guinea. They can be found all over Australia except Tasmania, southern Victoria and south western Australia (from the Pilbara, Western Australia to the Nullarbor, South Australia). Unfortunately, the doves’ range is reducing due to competition with the introduced Spotted Turtle Dove. In New Guinea they are mainly found in the south of the island but also occur at a few sites in the north and on the Aru Islands.
The bird is a relatively small pigeon and varies in length from 7.6 to 8.4 inches. The Peaceful Dove has a pink-gray breast with checkered gray-brown wings. Thin striations of black appear around the neck and nape area and descend down the back. The eye is grayish-white and a blue-gray ring surrounds the eye that tapers off and joins the beak. The juveniles are paler and less striated. They also have a duller eye ring. The nape and throat feathers are striated. Furthermore, the nape feathers are gray-brown in color.
The Peaceful Dove is found in pairs, groups and flocks. They feed off the ground and are found commonly in streets and gardens. They also are found in scrublands, woodlands, watercourses, rail yards and on the edge of rainforests. When not found on the ground feeding, they can be found in trees roosting.The doves fly in a rapid, undulating motion.
Breeding occurs from October to January in southern Australia and from March to June in northern Australia. Nests are built on horizontal branches of trees. Two white eggs are laid. The doves are very aggressive to other birds when breeding.