The Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) is a species of wading bird of the family Scolopacidae. It is closely related to the Marsh Sandpiper and more closely related to the Wood Sandpiper. It is a widespread breeding bird across much of Europe and northern Asia. It is migratory and winters on the coasts around the Mediterranean, in south Asia, and on the Atlantic coast of Europe from Great Britain southwards. Their preferred habitat is most any wetland, from damp meadows to salt marsh. In the Arctic it is replaced by the Spotted Redshank.
The Common Redshank has red legs and bill. It shows white up the back and on the wings when in flight. It is mostly brown with some darker mottling, and becomes paler in the winter. It has small brownish spots on the breast and neck.
These are noisy birds which will alert everything else with their loud piping call. Like most waders, they feed on small invertebrates. The female lays 3 to 5 eggs. The Common Redshank is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.