Three Spot Gourami
The Three Spot Gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus) is a species of labyrinth fish endemic to the Mekong basin in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam and Yunnan in southeast Asia. These fish live in marshes, swamps, canals, and lowland wetlands. They migrate during the flood season from permanent water bodies to flooded areas. During the dry season, they will return to their permanent water bodies.
The average weight of the Three Spot Gourami is 2 – 3.5 ounces. The fish gets it name from the two spots along each side of its body in line with the eye, considered the third spot. Sexes appear similar with the exception of the dorsal and anal fins. In the male, the dorsal fin is long pointed and the anal fin is pointed, while the female’s are shorter and rounded. Sometimes the female’s dorsal fin is as long as the male’s. This species is known by several other common names (Blue gourami, Cosby gourami, Gold gourami, Golden gourami, and the Opaline gourami) depending on the various artificial color morphs it has.
These fish feed on zooplankton, crustaceans and insect larvae. The male builds a bubble nest for the eggs, which he protects aggressively. When ready to breed, the male builds a bubble nest and then begins to entice the female by swimming back and forth, flaring his fins and raising his tail. The female may lay up to 700 to 800 eggs. The male protects the eggs and fry.