Giant Centipede, Ethmostigmus rubripes
Image Caption: I took this picture myself on 7th March, 2007. John E. Hill 04:23, 7 March 2007 (UTC) Specimen caught by Jim Symes in Laura, Queensland. It measures over 16 cm from its’ head to the end of its’ body and is the largest recorded specimen of this species so far. John E. Hill 11:12, 22 March 2007 (UTC). Credit: John E. Hill/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)
The giant centipede (Ethmostigmus rubripes) can be found in Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea, China, Southeast Asia, and the Solomon Islands. It prefers both arid and moist habitats, residing under debris such as rocks, bark, logs, and leaf litter. The giant centipede holds many subspecies, which are thought to represent the color variations of the species.
The giant centipede can reach an average length of about 6.3 inches. It is typically brownish orange to greenish brown in color, with multiple black stripes occurring throughout its long body. The legs and antennae are typically yellow in color. Individuals found in southern areas of its range have blue legs and antennae.
The giant centipede is equipped with a pair of claws located on the head, known as forcipules. These claws are curved and release a toxin that can be dangerous to both animals and insects, although it is not typically strong enough to kill large animals. In humans, this toxin can cause immense pain, although some victims of centipede bites do not report severe pain. One species that the giant centipede is related to, known as Scolopendra subspinipes, has a stronger venom, which killed one young girl in a different area.