William Fisher is American physician and a former NASA Astronaut. He was born William Frederick Fisher on April 1, 1946, in Dallas, Texas. He graduated from North Syracuse Central High School in North Syracuse, New York in 1964. He continued on to attend Standford University, where he received a Bachelor of Arts in Biological Sciences in 1968. The following two years, Fisher worked on graduate studies in Microbiology and received a Doctorate in Medicine from the University of Florida in 1975. He then began his residency in General Surgery through UCLA Medical Center at Harbor General Hospital in Torrance, California. In 1977, he completed his residency and married a fellow astronaut, Anna Lee Fisher. He then entered private practice in emergency medicine from 1977 to 1980, and was an Instructor in Emergency Medicine at the University of South Florida. In 1980 he received a Masters Degree in Engineering from the University of Houston, and was accepted as a NASA Astronaut that same year.
Fisher has worked on many technical assignments during his career with NASA. His first assignments were as scientific equipment operator for high altitude research on the WB-57F aircraft and as astronaut medical support for the first four Shuttle missions. He then worked as the astronaut office representative for Extravehicular Mobility Unit and Extravehicular Activity, the Payload Assist Module, and the Shuttle Mission Simulator procedures and development. He manned the Maneuvering Unit, the Remote Manipulator System hardware and software development team, and was the Deputy Director of NASA Government-furnished and Contractor-furnished Equipment until 1983, when his first daughter Kristin Anne was born.
Two years later, on August 27, 1985 at the Kennedy Space Center, Fisher was launched into space for the first time aboard Space Shuttle Discovery. The mission, STS-51-I, was acknowledged as the most successful Space Shuttle mission to date. The crew sent out three communications satellites, carried out a successful on-orbit rendezvous with the SYNCOM IV-3 satellite, and performed two EVAs. After 112 orbits of the Earth, Discovery landed back at Edwards Air Force Base on September 3, 1985. Upon his return, Fisher was chosen as the Chief of Astronaut Public Appearance. After two years he moved to head of the Astronaut Office Space Station Manned Systems Division, and Health Maintenance Facility. In 1989, his second daughter Kara Lynne was born.
In 1992, Fisher left NASA and began his private practice of Emergency Medicine in Houston, Texas as well as an Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. Fisher is currently a fellow of the American College of Emergency Physicians, American Academy of Emergency Medicine, American Society of Addiction Medicine, and World Association of Astronauts and Cosmonauts. He is also a member of the Wilderness Medical Society, St. Andrew Society of Tokyo and Yokahama, NASA Medicine Policy Board, and Stanford on the Moon Project. He is also a diplomat of the American Board of Emergency Medicine. Throughout his career, Fisher won many awards, including: American Astronautical Society Victor A. Prather Award for Outstanding Achievement in the field of Extravehicular Activity, Federation Aeronautique Internationale V.M. Komarov Diploma for Outstanding Achievement in the Field of Exploration of Outer Space, and NASA Space Flight Medal in 1985; and NASA Exceptional Service Medal in 1988.
Image Caption: NASA astronaut William Frederick Fisher. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia