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Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 13:20 EDT

Sculptor Group

At a distance of 3.9 Mpc from the Milky Way, the Sculptor Group is one of nearest groups of galaxies to the Local Gropu. Sculptor is made up of a loose group of galaxies near the south galactic pole.

The Sculptor Galaxy (NGC 253) and a few other galaxies form a gravitationally-bound core in the center of this group, however, since they are only weakly bound the group may also be described as a filament. There also some other galaxies associated with the group but not gravitationally bound.

Originally the irregular galaxy NGC 55 and the spiral galaxy NGC were though to be part of the Sculptor Group but more recent measurements have shown they may simply be foreground galaxies that are unassociated with the Sculptor Group.

Sculptor Group