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STS-51-G

Discovery launched from Kennedy Space Center on June 17, 1985 at 7:33 AM EDT and landed at Edwards Air Force Base on June 24 at 6:11 AM PDT. The shuttle orbited 112 times at an altitude of 209 nautical miles at an inclination of 28.45 degrees and travelled 2.9 million miles. The mission lasted 7 days, 1 hour, 38 minutes, and 52 seconds.

Three communications satellites, all attached to the Payload Assist Module-D (PAM-D) motors, were deployed: MORELOS-A for Mexico; ARABSAT-A, for Arab Satellite Communications Organization; and TELSTAR-3D, for AT&T. Also flown were the deployable/retrievable Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN-1); six Get Away Special canisters; Strategic Defense Initiative experiment called the High Precision Tracking Experiment (HPTE); a materials processing furnace called Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (ADSF); and two French biomedical experiments.

Discovery was crewed by Commander Daniel C. Brandenstein, Pilot John O. Creighton, Mission Specialists Shannon W. Lucid, John M. Fabian, Stephen R. Nagle, and Payload Specialists Patrick Baudry (France) and Sultan Salman al-Saud (Saudi Arabia. Salman al-Saud is a grandson of King Ibn Saud and is the only Saudi citizen to travel in space. He was also the first Arab, the first Muslim, and the first member of royalty in space.)

STS-51-G


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