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Viruses

The BK virus, a member of the polyomavirus family, has no major consequences of infected except with those that are immunocomprimised or immunosuppressed. The virus was first isolated in 1971 from the urine sample of a renal transplant patient whose in...

The B19 virus, or parvovirus, was the first found human virus in the parvovirus family. It causes a childhood rash called fifth disease also commonly called slapped cheek syndrome. Yvonne Cossart discovered it by chance in 1975. It gained its name, B19...

Human parainfluenza viruses, belonging to the paramyxovirus family, are a group of four distinct serotypes of enveloped single-stranded RNA viruses. They are the second most common cause of lower respiratory tract infection in younger children. Man...

Canine parvovirus type 2 is a virus affecting dogs. It is highly contagious and spread from dog to dog through direct or indirect contact with feces. It can be highly dangerous for puppies that don't have maternal antibodies. It can present in cardiac ...

Canine coronavirus, of the Coronaviridae family, is a virus that causes a highly contagious intestinal disease in dogs. It was discovered in 1971 in Germany during an outbreak in sentry dogs. It replicates in the villi of the small intestine. Intes...

Bovine papillomavirus (BPV), of the Papillomaviridae family, is a group of DNA viruses common in cattle. The virus can cause warts of the skin and alimentary tract and in rare cases cancer. It is also though that equine sarcoid, a skin tumor, is brough...

Bluetongue disease is a viral disease that is non-contagious, non-zoonotic, and insect-borne. It is mainly found in sheep and less commonly in cattle, goats, buffalo, deer, dromedaries, and antelope. It is not transmissible to humans. The virus is p...

Avipoxvirus, a member of poxviridae family, only affects birds. The Poxviridae family of virus can cause the victim organism to have poxes as a symptom. They generally have large genomes. Other examples include smallpox and monkeypox. Although slow to ...

Alfalfa mosaic virus, or AMV, is a worldwide phytopathogen that can cause necrosis and yellow mosaics on a variety of plant species. It is the only Alfamovirus of the Bromoviradae family. Weimer J.L. was the first to report AMV in Alfalfa, in 1931. Aph...

The African Swine Fever virus, ASFV, is a double-stranded DNA virus that replicates in the cytoplasm of infected cells. It can affect most pigs, wild and domesticated, as well as soft ticks. It is the only virus with a DNA genome that is transmitted by...