Moscow Russia
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Moscow, Russia

January 18, 2006
This Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) multitemporal color composite image centers over Moscow, the capital of Russia.

The city can be easily spotted as the large bright area at the center of the image. The river Moskva, also known as the Moscow River, flows through Moscow from North West to South East with its characteristic winding pattern.

Moscow was the capital of the former Soviet Union and of Muscovite Russia, the pre-Imperial Russia. The border between Europe and Asia runs down the west side of the Ural Mountains, 1300km east of Moscow.

The many multicolored patches throughout the image represent cultivated agricultural fields. By contrast, the grey-colored patches illustrate a landscape that is primarily a rolling plain and is heavily forested. The blue patch to the north of the city is the Uchinskoye Reservoir, which feeds a powerful hydroelectric station supplying energy to most parts of Moscow. The black "H" shape southeast of the city is the Domodedovo Airport, one of Moscow's five airports. Sheremetevo-2 is to the northwest.

The image is made of three ERS-2 SAR PRI (Precision Radar Image) images acquired on different dates. A RGB color was assigned to each date of acquisition. Dates of Acquisition (RGB): 20 June 2004, 11 April 2004, 25 August 2004

Technical Information:
  • Satellite: ERS
  • Instrument: SAR
  • Acquisition: 20-Jun-2004
  • Orbit nr: 47928
  • Center coordinates: lat. 55.49, lon. 37.86

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