Lisbon Portugal
807 of 1114

Lisbon, Portugal

January 18, 2006
This Landsat Thematic Mapper image shows Lisbon, the capital city of Portugal, as it is in 2004.

The name, Lisbon, comes from “Olissipo”, which has its origins in the Phoenician words “Allis Ubbo”, meaning enchanting port.

It lies on the north bank of the Tagus Estuary, on the European Atlantic coast. It nestles against the seven hills of Castelo, Graça, Monte, Penha de França, S. Pedro de Alcântara, Santa Catarina, Estrela.

The Rio Tejo is the largest river on the Iberian Pennisula and measures 1,800 kilometers in length, 910 kilometers of which are in Spain, the rest in Portugal. The source of the Tagus is the Fuente de García in the Albarracín Mountains and it ends in the Atlantic Ocean by Lisbon. Its delta is partially inverted and forms a large lagoon. There is evidence of heavy sedimentation in the image.

Here, you can see the Tejo Estuary where you can find the Tejo Estuary Nature Reserve. As can be seen from the image, it currently corresponds to an inner delta, with wide alluvial spaces, reed beds and salt marshes.

In the image, you can see a white line which runs across the Tagus River. This is the Ponte Vasco de Gamma which was built in 1988 and was named after the first European navigator who doubled the Cape of Good Hope. At 14 kilometers in length and 17.2km in height, 10 of which stand above the Tagus, it is one of most significant bridges in Europe. It is 14 kilometers a 17.2 kilometers in height, 10 of which stand above the Tagus.

The Ponte Vasco de Gamma leads to the Parque das Nações (former World Expo 98 site which is the bright white area to the left of the bridge) which is situated to the northeast of the city center.

The Parque Florestal de Monsanto - The Monsanto Woodland Park - can be seen as the large, green circular area to the north of the center.

The large green area which is situated 28 kilometers northwest of Lisbon is Sintra. It is situated on the northern slopes of the Serra de Sintra. The area is verdant and its vegetation and spectacular mountaintop views promoted the early Iberians to call the ridge the Mountain of the Moon and made it a center of cult worship (some of its strange effects are actually caused by massive deposits of iron ore).

Technical Information:
  • Satellite: Landsat
  • Instrument: Thematic Mapper
  • Acquisition: 14-Aug-2004
  • Center coordinates: lat. 38.71, lon. -9.13

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