Cairo Egypt
610 of 1114

Cairo, Egypt

January 20, 2006
This is a Landsat thematic mapper image of Cairo, Egypt, in 1984.

Cairo is the capital city of Egypt and the largest city in both Africa and the Middle East. It is currently the thirteenth most populous city in the world.

Cairo lies on the banks and islands of the Nile River, immediately south of the point where the river leaves its desert-bound valley and breaks into the Nile Delta.

The 20th century saw a massive growth in the size of the city as peasants left the farmlands in pursuit of work in the factories and commerce of the metropolis. The numerous wars with Israel forced a wealth of refugees to literally flood the city: much of the population of the Sinai peninsula and the cities along the Suez Canal left for Cairo between 1967 and 1978.

Today Cairo is Africa's most populous city and the Arab world's cultural center.

Technical Information:
  • Satellite: Landsat
  • Instrument: Thematic Mapper
  • Acquisition: 15-May-1984
  • Center coordinates: lat. 30.01, lon. 31.23

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