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Last updated on April 19, 2014 at 13:20 EDT
Barcelona Spain
556 of 1101

Barcelona, Spain

January 20, 2006
This is a Landsat thematic mapper image of Barcelona, Spain, in 1984.

Barcelona is located in the Mediterranean Sea on the north of the Spanish coast. To its north the city borders the River Besòs and the municipalities of Santa Coloma de Gramenet and Sant Adrià de Besòs; to the south it borders the Zona Franca, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Esplugues de Llobregat; to the east is the Mediterranean; and to the west Montcada i Reixach and Sant Cugat del Vallès.

It is divided into several districts following Cerdà's extension of the city on a rigid grid system called L'Eixample at the beginning of the twentieth century. The main districts are Ciutat Vella (old city): the Raval, the Barri Gòtic, and the Barri de la Ribera.

El Prat International Airport, Spain's second largest airport, can be seen as the large bright area on the southern tip of the coast on the images. The green line which runs from the coast inland is the Llobregat delta. The delta is the result of marine erosion that is occurring at a rate of one meter a year. After the first democratic elections in 1979, Barcelona, under the then mayor, Pasqual Maragall, embarked on projects for urban, architectural and artistic renewal. The objective was to regenerate the city, laying particular emphasis on the outlying districts.

This regeneration and the urban policies during the eighties led to the development of many parks, gardens, plazas and promenades. All the architects involved in the city's urban renovation project shared a set of characteristics that architect Ignasi de Solà-Morales defined as the "step back strategy”:” A square, an avenue or a garden were not the result of an accumulation of gratuitous abstract geometrical forms; rather they were related to the topography, the scale of the site, the surrounding architectural elements, the physical magnitude of thoroughfares and the material arrangement of greenery and urban furniture".

Technical Information:
  • Satellite: Landsat
  • Instrument: Thematic Mapper
  • Acquisition: 19-Apr-1984
  • Center coordinates: lat. 41.38, lon. 2.17