Baku Azerbaijan
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Baku, Azerbaijan

January 20, 2006
This Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) image shows an area covering the Abseron Peninsula in Azerbaijan. This republic of western Asia occupies the southern part of the isthmus between the Black and Caspian Seas. Baku (appearing as a large bright area in the center of the image) is Azerbaijan's capital and one of the chief ports on the Caspian Sea. The most important natural resource of Azerbaijan is crude oil, located offshore, beneath the Caspian Sea. The oil platforms of Baku, built in the 1950s and 1960s, which appear as bright dots in the image, were the first offshore oil-drilling efforts in the world. Some oil slicks are also visible in the image on the Caspian Sea. The contamination of the Caspian Sea due to oil drilling in Baku has been a problem since the 19th century.

Technical Information:
  • Satellite: Envisat
  • Instrument: ASAR
  • Acquisition: 18-Oct-2003
  • Orbit nr: 08534
  • Center coordinates: lat. 40.27, lon. 50.04

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