January 20, 2006
This MEdium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) image shows a part of the south of Iraq where the country slopes downward to form a broad central alluvial plain, which is occupied by the valley of the river Tigris (flowing from the top center of the image, covered by clouds) and the Euphrates (flowing from the top left corner). West of the Euphrates, the land rises gradually to meet the Syrian Desert. The image was acquired during the Second Persian Gulf War. The image presented was made from a color composite where the red channel contains band 15 (900 nm), the green channel contains band 13 (865 nm) and the blue channel contains band 9 (708,75 nm). These bands were chosen to highlight spectral differences over land. Lake Tharthr, Habbniyah and Razazah can be seen from top to bottom in the center of the image. The city of Baghdad is in the east, covered by dense black smoke corresponding to petroleum burning. The Saddam International Airport can be seen in the west of the city. In the bottom left part of the image is shown a zoom corresponding to the city of Baghdad, generated with the near infrared band (900 nm). Using this wavelength helps to better identify the course of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, and also the burning.
- Satellite: Envisat
- Instrument: MERIS
- Acquisition: 27-Mar-2003
- Orbit nr: 05600
- Center coordinates: lat. 31.77, lon. 43.97
Topics: Fertile Crescent, Middle East, Asia, Baghdad, Shatt al-Arab basin, Euphrates, Tigris, MERIS, Envisat, Tigris River, Mesopotamia, Western Asia, Iraq, river Tigris