The Alps in Europe
The Alps, which run through the middle of this MODIS image, is one of the great mountain range systems of Europe, stretching from Austria, Italy and Slovenia in the east, through Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Germany to France in the west.
The Italian peninsula is in the lower right quadrant of the image; Lake Como, a lake of glacial origin in Lombardy, Italy, is an upside-down Y shape, visible in the center of the image. To the left of it and on the other side of the snow-covered mountain range is Lake Geneva, in Switzerland.
The red dots visible in western Italy and in France, are fires. The greenish parts visible in the water are phytoplankton blooms - these are particularly visible in the Adriatic sea, to the right of Italy.